Here’s an easy, fuss free and delicious vegetable biryani recipe that you can bookmark for your next get together. A heavenly mix of chunky vegetables with aromatic spices and fluffy rice, this vegetable biryani is made to impress! It is a great choice for vegetarians and comes together much faster than traditional biryanis cooked with meat. The reason being we do not really have to marinate the vegetables in this recipe. And another little secret – this biryani always tastes better the next day!
I love making this vegetable biryani during the festive season or any kind of micro get together at home. It has always been a conversation starter. You can serve this vegetable biryani with raita, salan and some salad. A complete meal in itself, this along with some rice kheer makes for the perfect weekend feast or a dinner party at home.
A few tips and tricks are essential to make the perfect vegetable biryani. I have jotted it all down in this recipe. I urge you to go through them so that you can make the most delicious biryani in your own kitchen.
Steps To Making This Vegetable Biryani
There are mainly seven parts in this vegetable biryani making process. Let’s go through each of them one by one.
Step 1 – Making the birista or fried onions
The birista or fried onions play a crucial role in any biryani recipe. The fried onions and its oil adds a unique earthy flavour to the biryani and also some delicious crunch in every bite. There are stores that sell fried onions, but I prefer to make them on my own. I also use the left over oil in the biryani layering, and it creates a world of a difference.
Making birista is a long process that requires patience and good handling of the temperature you fry your onions in. The good part is you can make a big batch and store it for weeks in an air tight jar. Fried onions lend their own taste and colour to recipes, especially to rich ones like biryani and kormas.
To make the fried onions, chop the onions finely and separate them from each other. Make sure you pat the onions completely dry with a paper towel. There should be no moisture in them. Once the onions are chopped and dried, heat oil in a heavy bottomed pan (to prevent burning). The oil needs to get really hot before you add the onions. Add the onions and fry for a minute. Add some salt (the secret) after a minute. The salt helps with the caramelisation.
Once the onions start to brown, turn the flame to medium and keep an eye on the onions till you get the desired texture. One look away and the onions can burn. Once they have shrunk and turn crispy, take them out and spread them out on a paper towel. Let the onions cool completely before using them. Do not throw away the oil as it is packed with flavour. The entire process can take you anywhere between 45 minutes to one hour.
Keep aside one cup of the birista for the chicken gravy and keep the rest for layering the biryani.
Step 2 – Marinating the vegetables
Unlike my chicken biryani preparation that requires prior marination, vegetable biryani does not. Just mix your vegetables with the yogurt and spices and you can put them straight in the pot to cook. What is crucial here is to season the vegetables well and chop them in chunks, so that they still have a certain bite to them in the final recipe.
Here is what we marinate the vegetables with:
Red chilli powder
Ginger garlic paste
Step 3 – Making the saffron milk
Saffron milk is what lends a beautiful colour to the rice strands in this recipe. Food colour can also be used but they might have synthetic flavours in them. Using saffron milk is a natural and delicious way to add colour as well as flavour to the chicken biryani.
A perfect biryani is one which has the most aromatic and fluffy rice. The par boiled rice in this recipe needs enough moisture to cook perfectly. This is where the saffron milk adds its value, by giving the rice some level of moisture to soak in order to cook to perfection.
To make the saffron milk, add a few saffron strands to about 1/4 cup of warm milk and give it a stir. Over time, it will acquire a beautiful orange hue that we can use in the layering phase.
Step 4 – Preparing the rice
The sign of a good biryani is perfectly cooked and separate grains of rice. The rice needs to be soft, aromatic, fluffy and a single entity not sticking to anything else.
To achieve this, you have to follow certain steps without fail.
- Thoroughly wash your rice. Once you get your raw rice, wash it thoroughly under running water at least 5-6 times till the water that drains out is crystal clear. This step is very important as it helps to ensure that all the excess starch is removed so that you get rice that is fluffy and also not too heavy. Pro tip – Do not waste the starchy water. It is full of nutrients. Use it to water your plants.
- Soak the rice for at least 30 minutes. Once your rice is washed, soak the rice in clean water for 30 minutes to one hour. Till step will ensure that the rice fluff up to its maximum potential.
- Buy biryani rice, not long-grained basmati rice. To make restaurant-style biryani, make sure you purchase rice which is known as biryani rice. This rice is actually perfect for making biryani and is really thin, light, and long-grained. Buying basmati rice might not give you the same results as this rice would. There are many brands in the market that offer “biryani rice” in particular. Choose one of those.
- Make room for a lot of water. Your rice will cook perfectly when it gets a lot of water to swim in. So make sure you fill up your pot with lots of water so that the rice gets submerged in it. In this recipe, I have used 500 grams of rice and 3 liters of water.
- Salt your water well. This is crucial to make sure every grain of rice is well seasoned. Add enough salt in the pot of water as much as you would want in your soup. Mix it well and taste it before you add the rice.
- Cook the rice before layering it only till it’s 80 percent done. This step can honestly make or break your biryani. When we cook the rice before layering it, make sure it’s cooked just enough that it still has a bit of a bite to it.
- Strain the par boiled rice well. When you take the rice out of the water to save it for the layering, make sure you strain every bit of that excess water in which it was cooking. Leaving the rice in water will make it lumpy and stick to one another and that’s no good!
- Be gentle when using the spoon. At all points of handling the rice, be it raw or semi-cooked, be gentle so that you don’t break the grains.
- Use a cast iron pot or a good quality stainless steel pot/handi to cook the biryani. The last thing you would want is burnt rice at the bottom.
- To prevent rice from sticking to the bottom, place an iron tawa below the pot you’re cooking the biryani in.
Step 5 – Cooking the vegetable masala
Once your rice is 80 percent ready and set aside to cool, the next step is to cook the marinated vegetables.
The vegetables need to be cooked for ten minutes before adding the rice. This way we ensure that no vegetables remain undercooked or overcooked in the final biryani.
Step 6 – Layering the biryani
Now comes the best and my most favourite part of making this vegetable biryani – the layering. It is a highly rewarding technique that gives that ultimate respect to your biryani by making it all come together. The layering involves many ingredients so make sure you do not miss out on any of the following ingredients as each one of them plays a very crucial role in making the biryani what it is.
- Fresh coriander leaves
- Fresh mint leaves
- Birista oil
- Kewra water
- Saffron infused milk
The first layer is the vegetable mix. We top that with mint and coriander leaves. On top of that goes the par boiled rice, and finally layering is of birista oil, saffron milk and ghee.
Step 7 – Slow cooking the biryani on “dum”
The last and final step of this vegetable biryani is slow cooking it to perfection. While traditional biryanis are dum cooked in handis, we will use our own hacks to make it at home. You can either make a dough with whole wheat and spread it around your pot to make sure the air does not escape, or you can put something heavy on top of your lid like I did. It is important to keep a strong base like an iron tawa at the bottom to prevent your chicken biryani from burning. Keep the flame at low and let time do its own magic.
The time for cooking the biryani on low heat is about 45 minutes for this quantity. Once it’s done, let it rest without the flame for another 10 minutes before you serve it.
Let’s take a look at the recipe:
Preparation time – 1.5 hours (with fried onions)
Cook time – 1 hour
Serves – 4
For the fried onions/birista:
- 3 large onions
- 1/2 cup oil
For the marination:
- 1 cup whisked yogurt
- 1.5 tbsp ginger garlic paste
- Salt to taste (I put 1 tbsp)
- 1 tbsp red chilli powder
- 2 tbsp biryani masala
- 1 cup crispy brown onions
- 500g vegetables – 1 medium cauliflower, cut in florets – 2 medium carrots, diced in chunks – 1/4 cup green peas – 1/2 cup green beans
For the rice:
- 500g biryani rice
- 3 litres water
- Salt – enough to make the water taste saline
- 1 bay leaf
- 1/2 tsp shah jeera
- 1 star anise
- 2 green cardamom
- 2 cloves
- 1 inch cinnamon stick
- 1 black cardamom
For layering the biryani:
- 1/4 cup saffron milk
- 1 tbsp ghee
- 2 tbsp kewra water
- 2 tbsp birista oil
- Chop the onions finely and separate them from each other. Make sure you pat the onions completely dry with a paper towel. There should be no moisture in them.
- Once the onions are chopped and dried, heat oil in a heavy bottomed pan (to prevent burning). The oil needs to get really hot before you add the onions.
- Fry the onions on high heat. Add some salt (the secret) after a minute. The salt helps with the caramelisation.
- Once the onions start to brown, turn the flame to medium and keep an eye on the onions till you get the desired texture. One look away and the onions can burn.
- Once they have shrunk and turn crispy, take them out and spread them out on a paper towel. Let the onions cool completely before using them.
- Do not throw away the oil as it is packed with flavour. The entire process can take you anywhere between 45 minutes to one hour.
- Keep the vegetables ready by cutting them in chunks as shown in the video. This will ensure they do not turn into mush in the final recipe and still have a bite intact in them.
- Heat water in a wide pot. Add shah jeera, salt, mace, star anise, green and black cardamom, cloves, and cinnamon. Stir well till it boils. Check the salt, add more if required. The water should be as salty as soup.
- Add the soaked rice to the boiling pot of water. Cook it till it’s about 80 percent done. The grains should be cooked, but still have a bite to them.
- Drain the rice well and set it aside.
- Add a few saffron strands to about 1/4 cup of warm milk and give it a stir. Over time, it will acquire a beautiful orange hue that we can use in the layering phase.
- Whisk curd in a bowl till lump free. Add ginger garlic paste, salt, red chilli powder, biryani masala and crispy fried onions. Combine everything well.
- Add the raw vegetables (except peas) to this mix and stir till every piece of vegetable is coated in the yogurt mixture.
- Heat oil in a pot or handi. Add the marinated vegetables to the oil and cook for just about five minutes.
- Add turmeric powder and peas at this point and stir for another five minutes. We will cook the vegetables for some time before we layer the biryani.
- Garnish with coriander and mint leaves as shown in the video.
- To the same pot, add the parboiled rice and layer it well.
- Drizzle ghee, saffron-infused milk, birista oil and kewra water over the rice.
- Heat an iron tawa on the gas. Once hot, lower the flame and put the biryani pot on top. Seal the air with either wheat dough or put a heavy object on top. Let this slow cook for on low flame for 45 minutes. Once done, it it rest for ten more minutes.
- Gently take the lid off and mix all the layers of the chicken biryani. Be gentle as the rice and meat would be tender.
- Garnish with fried onions on top.
- Serve hot with raita, salan, and salad on the side. Enjoy!
I hope you try this vegetable biryani recipe super soon. If you have any doubts, comments, or feedback, please reach out to me in comments or my social media handles.
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